E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Hydrophyllum fendleri (A. Gray) A. Heller
Fendler's waterleaf
Hydrophyllaceae (Waterleaf family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #666)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Hydrophyllum fendleri
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Hydrophyllum fendleri var. albifrons

Species Information

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Perennial from a short, stout rhizome with thickened fibrous roots; stems ascending to erect, solitary, reflexed-hairy, 20-80 cm tall.
Mostly basal, 6-30 cm long, 4-15 cm wide, long-stalked, appressed-hairy above, soft-hairy below, pinnatifid with 7-15 hairy, toothed, pointed leaflets.
Inflorescence of compact, branched, long-stalked clusters of funnel-shaped flowers; flower stalks 2-7 mm long; corollas white, or sometimes, lavender or purplish, 6-10 mm long, stalked, 5-lobed, the lobes 4-5 mm long; styles and stamens protruding beyond the corolla; calyces long-hairy on the margins, short-hairy on the backs, the lobes linear.
Capsules, globose; seeds 1-3.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic meadows and forest openings in the montane to subalpine zones; infrequent in the Coast-Cascade Mountains of SW BC; S to ID, WY, UT, NM and N CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Hydrophyllum fendleri

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 920 1435 1891
Slope Gradient (%) 10 39 78
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
8 150 311
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 4 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CMA(1), CWH(1), ESSF(14), MS(7)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is montane boreal & cool temperate.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References