E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Hydrophyllum capitatum Douglas ex Benth.
Dwarf waterleaf (ballhead waterleaf; woolen-breeches)
Hydrophyllaceae (Waterleaf family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Laure Wilson Neish  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #14915)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Hydrophyllum capitatum
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Hydrophyllum capitatum var. capitatum

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.



General:
Perennial herb from a short, deep-seated rhizome with fleshy fibrous roots; stems spreading to ascending, solitary or few, hairy, 10-40 cm tall.
Leaves:
Mostly basal, 10-15 cm long, 7-10 cm wide, long-stalked, pinnatifid into 7-11 leaflets, these with rounded margins or the margins with toothed lobes.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of compact, branched, short-stalked clusters of funnel-shaped flowers, the inflorescence shorter than the leaves; corollas lavender or bluish-purple to white, 5-9 mm long, 5-lobed, the lobes 2-6 mm long; styles and stamens protruding beyond the corolla; calyces bristly-hairy with linear-oblong lobes.
Fruits:
Capsules, globose; seeds 1-3.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Purple
Blooming Period:
Early Spring
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Moist to dry meadows and forest openings in the steppe and montane zones; frequent in SC and SE BC; E to SW AB and S to CO and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Hydrophyllum capitatum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 426 1395 2149
Slope Gradient (%) 5 40 88
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
55 182 340
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 2 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
73
Modal BEC Zone Class
IDF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(7), ESSF(16), ICH(8), IDF(27), IMA(1), MS(9), PP(3), SBS(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References