E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Hygrophoropsis morganii (Peck) H.E. Bigelow
fragrant Hygrophoropsis
Hygrophoropsidaceae

Species account author: Ian Gibson.
Extracted from Matchmaker: Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest.

Introduction to the Macrofungi

© Kit Scates-Barnhart  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #18986)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Hygrophoropsis morganii
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Species Information

Summary:
outstanding features are pinkish colors and odor of bubble gum, root beer, cinnamon candy, or fruit, other features include smooth, moist to dry cap, decurrent, close, whitish to pinkish gills, dry stem that narrows downward and is colored like cap or lighter, white spore deposit, and small, elliptic, smooth, dextrinoid spores; some authors consider Hygrophoropsis morgani a member of Paxillaceae; collections examined from WA, OR, ID, and also CO, MA, ME, MI, NY, VT, (Bigelow(6)), distribution northern North America south to CO and CA in mountains, (Lincoff), collections from BC at Pacific Forestry Centre and University of British Columbia
Cap:
1-3.5cm across, flat at first with margin decurved [downcurved] and disc shallowly depressed, becoming infundibuliform [funnel-shaped], margin "elevated and arched, often lobed and sinuate, narrowly inrolled"; pinkish fading to pale buff at times when old; non-hygrophanous, bald and somewhat polished to the naked eye but fibrillose under a lens, margin not striate, (Bigelow), 1-3cm across, convex with incurved margin, eventually flat with depressed center and wavy to cleft margin; "flesh-pink to ocher-yellow or ocher-orange"; "smooth, dull, finely tomentose, sometimes with faint zones", (Breitenbach), 1-4cm across, salmon to flesh-pink or ocher-pink; "slightly sticky, then dry and minutely hairy", (Phillips)
Flesh:
thin or rather thick, soft; whitish, (Bigelow), thin, soft; white, (Breitenbach)
Gills:
long-decurrent, close, very narrow, thickened, frequently forked and often dichotomous, interveined and venous on the faces when old; colored as cap or paler and whiter ("cartridge buff" Ridgway(1) color); edges even, (Bigelow), strongly decurrent, 40-50 reaching stem, narrow, separable from cap, most forked; whitish to cream-colored when young, becoming pale orange-yellow; edges smooth, (Breitenbach), whitish to pinkish (Arora)
Stem:
1-3cm x 0.2-0.4(1.0)cm, narrowing downwards, central or off-center, solid, round in cross-section or compressed; colored as cap or somewhat darker; fibrillose under a lens, base often with a pinkish tomentum, (Bigelow), 1-3cm x 0.2-0.5cm, often off-center, usually narrowing downward, solid; whitish to orange-ocher; smooth, dull, (Breitenbach), 1-3.5cm x 0.3-0.6cm, generally narrowing to a long, rooting base when old; flesh-pink, slightly paler toward top; dry, minutely scurfy, (Phillips)
Veil:
absent
Odor:
strongly fragrant, reminiscent of bubble gum, (Bessette), fragrant, resembling odor of cinnamon candy, (Bigelow), aromatic, sweetish like fruit bon-bons or flowers, (Breitenbach), fruity (Phillips), fragrant, reminiscent of root beer or cinnamon candy, (Arora), fruit drops (Moser)
Taste:
mild but obscured by strong odor, (Bigelow), mild (Breitenbach)
Microscopic spores:
spores 3-5(6) x 2.5-3(4) microns, elliptic to subfusiform [somewhat spindle-shaped] in face view, inequilateral in side view, "smooth, inamyloid, wall slightly thickened at times"; basidia 2-spored or 4-spored, 20-35 x 4-6(8) microns; clamp connections present, (Bigelow), spores 3.6-4.3 x 2.6-3.9 microns, broadly elliptic to nearly round, smooth, weakly dextrinoid, cyanophilic, with droplets, colorless; basidia 4-spored, 20-37 x 4.5-6 microns, cylindric, with basal clamp connection; pleurocystidia and cheilocystidia not seen; cap cuticle of irregular hyphae 2.5-6 microns wide, some ascending, yellowish pigmented, septa with clamp connections, (Breitenbach), spores 3.5-5.5 x 2.5-3 microns, (Phillips), dextrinoid (Arora)
Spore deposit:
whitish (Breitenbach, Phillips)

Habitat / Range

scattered or gregarious on soil or conifer needles, usually under Abies (fir) and Picea (spruce), occasionally Pinus (pine) and Tsuga (hemlock), July to October, (Bigelow), gregarious to almost clustered, the caps often concrescent, in conifer forest, among mosses or needle litter, summer to fall, (Breitenbach), under conifers or in mixed woods (Phillips)

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Cantharellus morganii Peck
Cantharellus olidus Quel.
Cantharellus rosellus Peck
Clitocybe morganii (Peck) H.E. Bigelow
Hygrophoropsis olida (Quel.) Metrod

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Edibility

unknown (Phillips)

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

Species References

Bigelow(6), Breitenbach(3)*, Phillips(1)*, Arora(1) (as Hygrophoropsis olida), Lincoff(2)* (as Hygrophoropsis olida), Bessette(2), Moser(1)

References for the fungi

General References