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Summary: features include slimy cap that is shiny yellow brown to yellow to orange, decurrent white gills, white stem with the middle part wider and thickly covered with golden orange flecks; there are transitional forms between this and Hygrophorus hypothejus, and the online Index Fungorum, accessed May 8, 2006 gives Hygrophorus aureus Arrh. as a synonym of Hygrophorus hypothejus (Fr.) Fr.; Hesler(1) did not have specimens in their material, so it is presumably rare if present, reported from BC (Schalkwijk-Barendsen(1))
Cap: up to 6cm across, bell-shaped at first, then flattening with small umbo; "shiny yellow to orange with thick slime layer on young, yellow-brown specimens", (Schalkwijk-Barendsen), 2-4cm across, golden orange, center apricot; glutinous, (Hansen), up to 4cm, scarlet, margin orange yellow; viscid, (Courtecuisse)
Flesh: white and bright yellow under the cuticle, (Schalkwijk-Barendsen), pale, reddish under cap cuticle, (Courtecuisse)
Gills: decurrent (arched at first), distant, waxy; white, (Schalkwijk-Barendsen), pale yellow (Hansen), horizontal; pale yellow, (Courtecuisse)
Stem: up to 6cm long and up to 1cm wide at top and about 2cm in middle, top and base white, "the main part wider and thickly covered by golden orange flocs", (Schalkwijk-Barendsen), 3-7cm x 0.5-0.8cm, yellowish white with a glutinous ring zone, (Hansen), up to 6cm long and 0.8cm wide, "white slightly wreathed, ring zone fleeting, reddish", (Courtecuisse)
Veil: translucent, thick, golden gel; leaving a small ridge in the annular zone and a floccose sheath on the stalk, (Schalkwijk-Barendsen)
Microscopic spores: spores 7-9 x 4-5 microns, (Hansen)
Spore deposit: white (Schalkwijk-Barendsen)
Habitat / Range
under spruce, (Schalkwijk-Barendsen), under pine (Hansen), hardwoods in the north of Europe, conifers in the south, (Courtecuisse)
like H. hypothejus but differs by a bright orange cap (however colors intergrade), (Breitenbach)
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-07-11 11:50:10 AM
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