E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Hygrophorus camarophyllus (Fr.) Dumee, Grandjean, and Maire
smoky waxy-cap

Species account author: Ian Gibson.
Extracted from Matchmaker: Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest.

Introduction to the Macrofungi

© Michael Beug  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #18436)

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Distribution of Hygrophorus camarophyllus
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Species Information

features include subviscid cap that is dark brownish gray and radially streaky, adnate to short decurrent gills that are white or slightly grayish, and dry pale smoky gray-brown stem that is silky or faintly pruinose in upper part; fairly common, Hesler(1) examined collections from BC, WA, OR, ID, and also ON, MA, ME, MI, NY, WY, France, Spain, also found in Switzerland
2-7cm across, bluntly convex, sometimes flat or with a slight umbo; brownish gray with fine dark lines; sticky when wet, then dry, smooth with a downy margin, (Phillips), 4-7(13)cm across, obtuse, convex to turbinate [top-shaped], occasionally either flat or with slight umbo; evenly "fuscous" over all; subviscid when wet, soon dry and bald (though appearing streaky), margin pubescent [downy] or pruinose at first, (Hesler), dark sooty brown or dark brown with slight olive tinge, (Ammirati)
thick, fragile; white, (Phillips), thick, fragile; white, pale cinereous [pale ash gray] in stem, (Hesler)
adnate, close to subdistant, moderately broad, very waxy; white or slightly grayish, (Phillips), adnate, becoming short-decurrent, close, sometimes subdistant, moderately broad, thin; white or faintly tinged cinereous [ash-gray], (Hesler) conspicuously interveined, (Ammirati)
2.5-13cm x 1-2cm, "pale, smoky gray-brown; silky with fine hairs near the top, smooth and hairless toward base", (Phillips), 3-8(13)cm x 1-2cm, equal or narrowing downward, solid; pallid fuscous or colored as cap, color stopping abruptly at line of gill attachment; dry over all, appressed silky or faintly pruinose in upper part, nearly bald toward base, (Hesler), flushed with the gray-brown color of the cap, but paler, sometimes streaked or spotted with gray-brown fibrils, (Ammirati)
slight, faintly of coal tar, (Phillips), "very slight, reminding one of coal tar", (Hesler), without special odor (Ammirati), indistinct (Largent)
mild (Phillips, Hesler)
Microscopic spores:
spores 7-9 x 4-5 microns, elliptic, [presumably smooth, inamyloid], (Phillips), spores 7-9 x 4-5 microns, elliptic to subelliptic or drop-shaped, smooth, inamyloid; basidia 2-spored and 4-spored, 44-50 x 7-8 microns; pleurocystidia and cheilocystidia none; gill trama divergent; clamp connections on cuticular hyphae, (Hesler)
Spore deposit:
white (Phillips)

Habitat / Range

scattered to gregarious; June to November, (Phillips), gregarious under pine and spruce, (Hesler), can be found with pine and spruce near snowbanks in the fall [sic], (Lincoff), spring, summer, fall

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Camarophyllus burnhami (Peck) Murrill
Camarophyllus caprinus (Fr.) Karsten
Hygrophorus burnhami Peck
Hygrophorus caprinus Fr.
Limacium caprinum (Fr.) Singer

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Range and Status Information Links


yes (Phillips)

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

Species References

Hesler(1)*, Phillips(1)*, Lincoff(2)*, Ammirati(1)*, Schalkwijk-Barendsen(1)*, Courtecuisse(1)*, Bessette(2)*, Barron(1)*, Breitenbach(3)*, Stuntz(4), Largent(4)

References for the fungi

General References