Perennial tufted herb from short rhizomes; stems wiry, erect, 15-40 cm tall.
Reduced to sheaths with short awns at the base of the stem, or the uppermost of the basal sheaths with blades less than 1 cm long.
Inflorescence a loose head with 1 to 4, nearly terminal flowers, appearing as if it is on the side of the stem; perianth segments green to brown, pointed, 5-7 mm long, the inner ones slightly shorter; stamens 6; anthers about 1.5 mm long, shorter than the filaments; involucral bract 1-3 cm long, cylindrical, resembling a continuation of the stem.
Capsules, cylindrical, notched, longer than the perianth segments; seeds spindle-shaped, 0.5 mm long with long, tail-like appendages at each end of the seed.
Two varieties occur in W North America. Our BC material has been identified as var. drummondii but var. subtriflorus can be expected in S BC.
1. Capsules usually at least 1 mm longer than the perianth segments; perianth 5-6 mm long.................. var. subtriflorus (E. Mey.) C.L. Hitchc.
1. Capsules about equal to the perianth segments; perianth 6-7 mm long..................var. drummondii
Present over the Summer
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(74), BAFA(86), BG(1), CMA(40), CWH(1), ESSF(469), ICH(1), IDF(1), IMA(46), MH(31), MS(4), SBS(2), SWB(10)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013