Usually a small, erect evergreen tree to 10 m tall, with conical form, but also a sprawling shrub less than 1 m; bark reddish-brown, scaly or fibrous and stringy.
Mostly scalelike, opposite, not prickly, but young leaves needle-like, 5-7 mm long, in whorls of three on stem.
Seed cones fleshy, berrylike, 5-6 mm long, bluish-purple when mature, glaucous; pollen and seed cones on separate plants.
See J. horizontalis for discussion of hybridization.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present from Fall to Winter
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(2), BG(126), BWBS(6), CDF(1), CWH(3), ESSF(23), ICH(74), IDF(729), MS(138), PP(82), SBPS(5), SBS(36), SWB(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Juniperus scopulorum var. columnaris Fassett
Juniperus virginiana subsp. scopulorum (Sarg.) E. Murray
Juniperus virginiana var. montana Vasey
Juniperus virginiana var. scopulorum (Sarg.) Lemmon
Sabina scopulorum (Sarg.) Rydb.
TAXONOMIC KEY TO JUNIPERUS
1. Leaves awl-shaped, in whorls of 3, spreading; the berrylike fruits sessile in the leaf axils J. communis
1. Leaves mostly scalelike, opposite, appressed to stem; the berrylike-like fruits terminal on the branchlets.
2. Low, spreading or creeping shrubs; fruits recurved on short stalks J. horizontalis
2. Small trees or erect shrubs; fruits erect or nodding J. scopulorum
Source The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Note that since the publication of the Illustrated Flora, new species have been added to the BC flora, and are not incorporated in the keys.