E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Kickxia elatine (L.) Dumort.
sharp-leaved fluellen (sharpleaf cancerwort)
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Hans Roemer  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #10678)

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Distribution of Kickxia elatine
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Species Information

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Annual herb; stems prostrate, 20-60 cm long, slender, freely branched from near the base, long-hairy and also somewhat glandular-hairy.
Alternate except the few lowest opposite, stalked, the stalks 1-5 mm long, the lowest leaves oval and coarse-toothed, the upper and middle leaves arrowhead-shaped with basal flanges, 1-3 cm long, long-hairy.
Inflorescence of single long-stalked flowers in the axils of leaflike bracts, the stalks thread-like, smooth, bent downward, 1-3 cm long; corollas bilaterally symmetric, pale yellow with purple upper lip, 6-10 mm long, 2-lipped, with a straight spur at the base; calyces deeply 5-lobed, the lobes narrowly egg-shaped, long-hairy; stamens 4.
Capsules, globe-shaped, smooth, opening near the top by 2 large pores with deciduous lids; seeds honeycombed.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist, sandy roadsides and waste places; rare on S Vancouver Island and the lower mainland; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Antirrhinum elatine L.
Linaria elatine (L.) P. Mill.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References