E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Lilium philadelphicum L.
wood lily

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66103)

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Distribution of Lilium philadelphicum
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Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum

Species Information

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Perennial herb from a kidney-shaped, fleshy-scaled, whitish bulb 2-3 cm wide; stems 30-70 cm tall, sturdy, smooth.
Usually in 1 or 2 whorls of 6 on the upper stem, the lower leaves alternate, usually overlapping, linear to narrowly lanceolate, 5-10 cm long, 0.3-1.2 cm wide, smooth.
Inflorescence usually of a single flower, sometimes 2 or 3 in an umbel-like cluster, large, showy, erect atop the stem; flowers orange to brick-red, lighter and purplish-dotted in the throat, goblet-shaped, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals narrowly egg-shaped, tapering to a long claw, 5-7 cm long, 1-2 cm wide; stamens 6; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Capsules, erect, cylindric-egg-shaped, not sharply 6-angled, 2-5 cm long; seeds numerous, flattened.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic meadows, edges of forests and open forests (often on limestone) in the steppe and montane zones; infrequent in the Peace River region, locally frequent in SE BC; E to PQ and S to KY, IA, TX and NM.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Lilium philadelphicum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 651 1212 2200
Slope Gradient (%) 0 25 80
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
29 178 317
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ESSF(8), ICH(27), IDF(17), MS(12), PP(1), SBS(3)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References