E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Linaria genistifolia subsp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitmengin
Dalmatian toadflax
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Linaria genistifolia ssp. dalmatica
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a long creeping rhizome; stems erect, 40-120 cm tall, branched above, smooth, glaucous; milky juice appearing when stems or leaves broken.
Alternate, numerous, unstalked, clasping the stem at the base, egg-shaped to broadly lanceolate, smooth-margined, 2-6 cm long, smooth, glaucous.
Inflorescence a long, terminal, spike-like cluster of numerous short-stalked flowers; corollas bright yellow with a central, orange- to white-hairy patch at the throat, 25-40 mm long including the long straight basal spur, which is shorter than the rest of the corolla, 2-lipped, the upper lip 2-lobed, the lower lip 3-lobed; calyces 5-8 mm long, deeply 5-lobed, the lobes nearly distinct, broadly lanceolate; stamens 4.
Capsules, cylindric-egg-shaped to nearly globe-shaped, 6-8 mm long; seeds numerous, wrinkled and slightly wing-angled, 1-2 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Roadsides and waste places; common in BC south of 55degreeN, except absent from the Queen Charlotte Islands; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Linaria genistifolia ssp. dalmatica

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 320 584 1210
Slope Gradient (%) 0 21 71
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
2 7 320
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 2 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(9), ICH(1), IDF(5), PP(8)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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