E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Lolium temulentum L.
bearded ryegrass (darnel; Darnel ryegrass)
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Lolium temulentum
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Species Information

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Annual, tufted grass from fibrous roots; stems erect, to 120 cm tall.
Sheaths smooth; blades flat, smooth, (1.5) 3-10 (12) mm wide; ear-shaped lobes at leaf-bases sickle-shaped or absent; ligules 0.5-2.5 (3) mm long.
Inflorescence a spike with (3) 5 to 26, 2-ranked, solitary spikelets, (2) 5-40 cm long; spikelets 2- to 10-flowered, unstalked, 5-30 mm long, 3-8 mm wide, all but the terminal ones with 1 glume; glumes (5) 7-30 mm long, (1/2) 3/4 to 1 1/2 times as long as the spikelets; lemmas (3.5) 4.5-8.5 mm long, (1.2) 1.5-3 mm wide, unawned, or if awned, up to 17 (23) mm long, attached (0.2) 0.5-2 mm below the tips; anthers 1.5-4 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry fields, roadsides and waste areas in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC; introduced from Eurasia and N Africa.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Lolium temulentum var. leptochaeton

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References