Dry to moist open places, forest clearings, roadcuts, forests, heath and bogs in the lowland and steppe to subalpine and rarely alpine zones; frequent throughout BC, infrequent in SC BC; cosmopolitan, N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to WV, MI, WI, MT, ID and N CA; Europe, Asia, Africa, S America.
A shade-tolerant/intolerant, submontane to subalpine, circumpolar club-moss (transcontinental in North America). Occurs on moderately dry to fresh, nitrogen-poor soils. Widespread on water-shedding sites in boreal, cool temperate, and cool mesothermal climates; its occurrence increases with increasing latitude. Common in open-canopy coniferous forests; often inhabits decaying wood, persists on undisturbed cutover areas. Grows with Hylocomium splendens, Pleurozium schreberi, Ptilium cristacastrensis, and Rhytidiadelphus loreus. An oxylophytic species characteristic of Mor humus forms.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2019. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-02-28 8:25:41 PM
The information contained in the E-Flora atlas pages is derived from expert
sources as cited in each section. This information is scientifically based.
E-Flora also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links. As
always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.
E-Flora BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the