Perennial herb from a slender rhizome; stems 10-35 cm tall, smooth.
Leaves of flowering stems 1 to 3 (usually 2), alternate, broadly heart- to arrowhead-shaped, distinctly heart-shaped at the base, 5-12 cm long, about as wide, on 2- to 10-cm long stalks, smooth above and beneath, the margins entire, rough short-hairy; basal leaves lacking.
Inflorescence a loose, cylindrical, terminal cluster of several to many spreading flowers; flowers cream to white, wheel-shaped, 5-8 mm across, of 4 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals oblong, blunt, 2- 3 mm long, becoming reflexed; stamens 4, shorter than tepals; pistil 1, 2-chambered.
Berries, globe-shaped, spotted, red, 5-6 mm wide; seeds 1 to 4.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BWBS(28), CDF(80), CWH(1634), ESSF(1), ICH(2), IDF(2), MH(25), MS(1), PP(1), SBS(5)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Maianthemum bifolium subsp. kamtschaticum (J.F. Gmel. ex Cham.) E. Murray
Maianthemum bifolium var. kamtschaticum (J.F. Gmel. ex Cham.) Trautv. & C.A. Mey.
Maianthemum kamtschaticum (J.F. Gmel. ex Cham.) Nakai