E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Maianthemum trifolium (L.) Sloboda
three-leaved false Solomon's-seal (threeleaf false lily of the valley)
(Previously in Liliaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ian Gardiner  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #29195)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Maianthemum trifolium
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a very slender, scaly, whitish rhizome; stems erect but slender and weak, 5-20 cm tall, smooth.
Leaves of flowering stems 2 to 4 (usually 3), alternate, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, tapering to a somewhat sheathing base, 3-12 cm long, 1-4 cm wide, unstalked, smooth, the margins entire; basal leaves lacking.
Inflorescence a slender, unbranched, 2- to 5-cm long, terminal cluster of 2 to 12, spreading, stalked flowers, the stalks distinctly longer than the flowers; flowers creamy-white to greenish-white, star-shaped, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals 3-4 mm long, spreading; stamens 6, shorter than tepals; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Berries, globe-shaped, dark red, about 5 mm wide; seeds 1 or 2.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet forests, bogs, fens and peaty streambanks in the montane and subalpine zones; infrequent in N BC, north of 56degreeN and east of the Coast Mountains; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to MA, PA, MI, WI and MN.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Maianthemum trifolium

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 6 657 1256
Slope Gradient (%) 0 1 53
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 74 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(117), ESSF(2), ICH(1), MS(1), SBS(16)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Convallaria trifolia L.
Smilacina trifolia (L.) Desf.
Tovaria trifolia (L.) Neck. ex Baker
Vagnera trifolia (L.) Morong

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References