E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Malus pumila Mill.
cultivated apple (paradise apple)
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #26264)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Malus pumila
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The cultivated apple is a small deciduous tree species introduced from Europe that is rare in BC in the wild.

Species Information

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Small much-branched tree, 4-12 m tall; young twigs densely hairy or woolly.
Alternate, deciduous, elliptic to oblong-egg-shaped, long-stalked, the blades 5-10 cm long, rather thick and veiny, abruptly short-pointed at the tip, broad at the base, irregularly blunt-toothed but not lobed, hairy or becoming smooth when mature.
Inflorescences loose, flat-topped to rounded clusters of several flowers on short spur-shoots, the flowers on long woolly-hairy stalks; corollas white to pale pink, 3-5 cm across, appearing with or just in advance of the leaves, the petals 5, mostly 15-25 mm long; calyces 5-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, persistent, 5-10 mm long, longer than the tube; ovaries inferior; styles usually 5, hairy at the base.
Fleshy pomes (apples), variable in size, shape and colour, more than 2 cm long, globe-, egg- or cone-shaped, with depression at both ends, 4- to 5-chambered, the flesh without grit cells; seeds 1 or 2 per chamber.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist forest edges, thickets, clearings and waste places in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; rare throughout BC; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Malus pumila

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 75 75 75
Slope Gradient (%) 5 5 5
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
280 280 280
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
6 6 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Malus communis Poir.
Malus domestica
Malus pumila var. niedzwetzkyana (Dieck) C. K. Schneid.
Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.
Pyrus malus
Pyrus pumila (P. Mill.) K. Koch

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References