E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Matricaria recutita L.
wild chamomile (German chamomile; sweet false-chamomile)
Asteraceae (Aster family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Robert Flogaus-Faust  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #64109)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Matricaria recutita
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Species Information

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General:
Annual aromatic herbs from a fibrous root; stems erect, simple, branched, glabrous, 8-20 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves soon deciduous; stems leaves alternate, 1-3 times divided into short, linear-threadlike segments, 2-6 cm long, glabrous.
Flowers:
Heads with ray and disk flowers, several, mostly terminal on the upper branches; involucres 2.5-3 mm tall; involucral bracts subequal, mostly oblong, obtuse or rounded at the tips, with a broad, papery margin; ray flowers white, 10-22, 4-10 mm long; disk flowers yellow, many, about 1 mm long, 5-toothed; receptacles narrowly conic, 3.5-4 mm tall.
Fruits:
Achenes asymmetric, 1.5-2 mm long, smooth except for 5 narrow, winglike ribs; pappus lacking or sometimes a minute, short crown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry roadsides and disturbed areas in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC, known only from the lower Fraser Valley; introduced from Europe and N. Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Matricaria recutita

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 5 5 5
Slope Gradient (%) 40 40 40
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
359 359 359
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 1 1
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
A
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
1
Modal BEC Zone Class
CWH
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Chamomilla chamomilla (L.) Rydb.
Chamomilla recutita
Matricaria chamomilla
Matricaria chamomilla var. coronata (J. Gay) Coss. & Germ.
Matricaria suaveolens L.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References