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A tall stately fern with carefully positioned fronds forming an elegant cone shape. This fern grows across Canada (and around the northern hemisphere) and has been made famous by New Brunswickers who collect the young emerging fiddleheads in early spring for a culinary delicacy ....This fern will eventually spread by underground rhizomes to form lush colonies.
Note Author: Gary Lewis, Phoenix Perennials
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General: Large perennial with leaves of two forms, sterile leaves deciduous, fertile leaves overwintering.
Leaves: Sterile leaves in vase-like clusters, 30-140 cm long, 12-30 cm wide, light green, oblanceolate, broadest in the upper 1/4, 1-pinnate, pinnae deeply cut in 30-80 segments; fertile leaves stiff, narrowly lanceolate, dark brown, about 60 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, with linear, obtuse pinnae.
Moist to wet sandy or silty banks of rivers and streams and alluvial forests in the lowland and montane zones; infrequent, but locally abundant throughout BC, absent on the Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver Island; circumpolar, N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to MA, VA, OH, IN, MO and SD; Eurasia.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2021-04-12 11:10:27 AM
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