E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Mimulus moschatus Douglas ex Lindl.
musk-flower (muskflower)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #10643)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Mimulus moschatus
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a well-developed, creeping rhizome, slimy and sticky-white-hairy throughout, often musk-scented; stems decumbent to creeping, rooting at the lower nodes, 10-70 cm long, freely branched.
Opposite, egg-shaped, short-stalked becoming nearly unstalked upward, 1-7 cm long, remotely and sometimes vaguely coarse-toothed, pinnately veined, reduced in the inflorescence.
Inflorescence a loose, terminal raceme of few to several, long-stalked flowers in the axils of the upper leaves, the stalks slender, 0.5-5 cm long; corollas tubular-cylindric, yellow often with red stripes or dots in the short throat, 1.5-3 cm long, weakly 2-lipped, subequally 5-lobed, the lower lip bearded along ridges at the throat; calyces bell-shaped, slimy-hairy especially on the ribs, 6-13 mm long , 5-toothed, the upper tooth slightly larger than the others; stamens 4.
Capsules, egg-shaped, pointy-tipped, 4-9 mm long; seeds numerous, 0.2-0.3 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist meadows, streambanks, rocky ravines, roadsides, thickets, forest glades and margins in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; locally frequent in BC south of 53degreeN; S to CO, UT and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Mimulus moschatus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 9 469 1620
Slope Gradient (%) 0 5 27
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
45 216 315
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(2), CWH(29), ESSF(2), ICH(3)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References