General: Annual herb from fibrous roots; stems simple or branched, erect, slender, with spreading hairs below and appressed hairs above, 8-50 cm tall.
Leaves: Lowermost leaves oblanceolate, somewhat stalked, 1-4 cm long and 2-8 mm wide; middle and upper leaves oblong to narrowly elliptic or linear, more or less unstalked; straight-hairy on both surfaces, entire, alternate.
Flowers: Several to many in lax, coiled, elongating, terminal clusters, the bracts 0 or 1-2 near the base; inflorescence not much longer than leafy part of stem; fruiting stalks ascending or spreading, 1-3 mm long, shorter than calyces; corollas at first yellow or white, becoming blue; petals fused at base into a tube that flares (1-2 mm wide) at top to 5 small lobes, the throat with 5 bulges; fruiting calyces 3-5 mm long, sepal-tube covered with short, spreading, hooked hairs, the lobes short appressed-hairy.
Fruits: Nutlets 4, clustered together, egg-shaped, dark brown to black, smooth, shining.
Moist to mesic roadsides, ditches and disturbed areas in the lowland and lower montane zones; frequent on S Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands and adjacent coast, rare E of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; introduced from Europe.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-09-21 3:02:44 AM
The information contained in the E-Flora atlas pages is derived from expert
sources as cited in each section. This information is scientifically based.
E-Flora also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links. As
always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.
E-Flora BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the