E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Nepeta cataria L.
catnip
Lamiaceae (Mint family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #10065)

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Distribution of Nepeta cataria
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a taproot; white to greyish short-hairy throughout; stems clustered, erect, branched, 30-100 cm tall, 4-angled.
Leaves:
Opposite, triangular egg-shaped and heart-shaped at base, 2.5-7 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide, coarsely toothed, densely short-appressed-hairy beneath; stalked; uppermost leaves scarcely reduced.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a short, dense, spike-like cluster of flowers, 2-8 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm wide, at ends of main stem and branches, subtended by leaves or the upper by short linear bracts; corollas tubular, whitish with purple spots, 6-10 mm long, short-hairy outside, the upper lip erect, hooded, 2-lobed, the lower lip spreading, dotted with purple, 3-lobed, the lateral lobes small, the central lobe broad and minutely-scalloped; calyces tubular, 5-6 mm long, 15-veined, teeth awl-shaped, hairy, and shorter than tube.
Fruits:
Nutlets, 4 clustered together, egg-shaped, smooth.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry waste places in the lowland and steppe zones; frequent throughout S BC, more common E of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Nepeta cataria

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 560 615 740
Slope Gradient (%) 0 3 8
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
164 194 252
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 4 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
5
Modal BEC Zone Class
IDF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: IDF(5)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References