A shade-tolerant/intolerant to very shadeintolerant, montane to subalpine, Cordilleran North American evergreen conifer. Grows on a wide range of sites in continental subalpine and montane boreal climates; its occurrence increases with increasing elevation and continentality. Most productive on fresh and moist, nutrient-very rich soils within cool temperate climates. Scattered to abundant in the coastinterior ecotone, often hybridizes with Sitka spruce. Typically associated with lodgepole pine, Pacific silver fir or subalpine fir and white spruce. Because of good survival and productive growth, Engelmann spruce has been preferred over other tree species in regenerating high-elevation sites on eastern Vancouver Island and in the coast-interior ecotone. Characteristic of continental subalpine forests.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2021-04-12 12:41:56 PM
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