E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Picea engelmannii var. engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.
Pinaceae (Pine family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #25451)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Picea engelmannii var. engelmannii
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Species Information

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Tree straight, spire-like, up to 50 m tall; bark brownish-red and loosely scaly, thin; young twigs usually hairy, occasionally glabrous.
Needles sharp, not stiff; twisting somewhat toward upper side of branch; 4-angled; strong odour.
Seed cones 4-5 cm long, becoming yellowish-brown at maturity; scales blunt to abruptly sharp-pointed, finely irregular wavy margined, papery thin; pollen cones yellow, 10-15 mm long.
Known to hybridize with P. sitchensis (west side of the Coast-Cascade Mountains) and P. glauca (see notes under P. glauca). Pure P. engelmannii is found mainly in the Rocky Mountains.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to dry slopes, floodplains, and flats in the montane and subalpine zones; very common in C and S BC, except on coast; E to W AB and S to N CA, AZ and NM.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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