E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Piperia transversa Suksd.
royal rein orchid
Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Adolf Ceska  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #5653)

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Distribution of Piperia transversa
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from tubers, 1-4 cm long, with a few fibrous roots; stems 15-55 cm tall, 1-3 mm wide.
Leaves:
Basal 2 to 5, oblanceolate, 6-18 cm long, 1-4 cm wide; stem leaves bractlike.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a terminal, spikelike raceme, 7-25 cm long, open to densely-flowered, the flowers small, white to yellowish, clovelike scent noticeable in evenings; sepals 2-5.5 mm long, lanceolate, the midvein green, the upper sepal pointed forward; petals 2-5.5 mm long, lanceolate, the midvein green, spreading, somewhat bent back; lip 2.5-5 mm long, oblong to somewhat egg-shaped, white, pointed forward or down; spur 6-10 mm long, horizontal, straight, pointed backward.
Fruits:
Capsules, ascending to erect.
Notes:
Where P. candida, P. elongata, and P. transversa grow together, P. transversa blooms first.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry, open forests, forest margins and rocky bluffs in the lowland to montane zones; infrequent in SW BC (Vancouver Island); S to CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References