E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Platismatia norvegica (Lynge) Culb. & C. Culb.
Oldgrowth rag

Introduction to the Lichens

© Curtis Bjork  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #22831)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Platismatia norvegica
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Consortium of North American Lichen Herbaria map

Species Information

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Illustration By: Trevor Goward

Common Name: The Rag Lichens. Describes the whitish, often somewhat torn or tattered lobes of species.
Medium to large stratified foliose lichens, corticate above and below, sorediate or isidiate or not, lobes loosely appressed to semi-erect, elongate to short, often irregular, averaging to 3–20 mm wide, thin. Upper surface pale green to whitish or whitish blue, pseudocyphellate or not. Lower surface usually black toward thallus centre, shiny, bearing sparse, short, simple rhizines. Medulla white. Photobiont green.
Apothecia located on or near lobe margins, disc brown, often perforate; spores simple, ellipsoid, colourless, 8 per ascus.
Over trees and shrubs, occasionally over logs, rarely over rock.
Notes: Platismatia is primarily a temperate genus consisting of about 10 species. Of the six species reported for North America, five occur in B.C.
Species description:
Soredia absent; isidia present or absent AND
Upper surface whitish to very pale bluish or greenish, never yellowish (except specimens sometimes becoming yellowish in herbarium); lower surface often in part pale; pycnidia, if present, located entirely along lobe margins; apothecia generally absent; isidia present or absent AND
Lobes broader, averaging to 6–15 mm wide, short; upper surface smooth to strikingly ridged AND
Lobe margins more or less even; upper surface generally deeply wrinkled or ridged at maturity; isidia, if present, restricted to ridges and/or lobe margins; restricted to humid localities; essentially coastal AND
Upper surface weakly to rather strongly net-ridged/reticulate, interspaces, however, remaining shallow and saucerlike; isidia generally present and located both over the upper surface ridges and along lobe margins; medulla PD-
Cortex K+ yellow.
Atranorin and caperatic acid.

Source: Lichens of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Habitat: Frequent over conifers in open coastal forests at lower elevations, also rare in humid intermontane old-growth forests (ICH zone)
World Distribution: western N Am – eastern N Am – eastern Eurasia, N to AK, S to CA.

Source: Lichens of British Columbia

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Cetraria norvegica (Lynge) Du Rietz

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References