E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Polyporus brumalis Pers.: Fr.
winter polypore
Polyporaceae

Species account author: Ian Gibson.
Extracted from Matchmaker: Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest.

Introduction to the Macrofungi

© Michael Beug  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #17616)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Polyporus brumalis
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Species Information

Summary:
features include bronze to purplish brown fruitbody with ciliate margin, radially elongated diagonal whitish pores, central stem, and growth on hardwoods; found in BC, WA, OR, ID, also MB, NB, NS, NF, ON, PQ, SK, AR, CT, DE, IA, IN, KS, KY, MA, ME, MI, MN, MT, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VT, WI, WV, common in the east but rare in the west, (Gilbertson)
Cap:
up to 6cm across and 0.5cm thick, usually single but sometimes several from branched stem base; bronze to purplish brown, not zoned; "shiny, with clusters of short, stiff dark hairs", margin becoming reflexed [turned up], "often appearing finely fringed or ciliate", (Gilbertson), 1.5-10cm,"circular, convex or depressed with an inrolled margin; yellow-brown to reddish brown or blackish brown; dry, densely hairy when young becoming almost smooth", (Phillips), yellow brown to dark brown, fading to tan, (Lincoff), cap surface finely tomentose, squamose, (Breitenbach)
Flesh:
up to 0.3cm thick, corky; white, not zoned, (Gilbertson), 0.1-0.2cm thick, white, (Phillips)
Pores:
3-4 per mm, slightly decurrent, angular, with thin walls that become torn; whitish or ivory; glancing [showing a change in appearance from dull to lustrous when the orientation to light is changed], smooth; tube layer up to 0.2cm thick, ivory, (Gilbertson), 2-3 per mm, circular to angular, slightly decurrent; whitish; tube layer 0.1-0.3cm thick, (Phillips)
Stem:
up to 4cm x 0.5cm, central, lighter in color than cap, (Gilbertson), 2-6cm x 0.1-0.5cm, "central or off-center, grayish or brownish; minutely hairy or smooth", (Phillips)
Odor:
fungoid (Breitenbach)
Taste:
mild (Breitenbach)
Microscopic:
spores 6-7.5 x 2-2.5 microns, cylindric, slightly curved, smooth, inamyloid, colorless; basidia 4-spored, 16-22 x 5-6.5 microns, clavate, with basal clamp; cystidia absent; hyphae dimitic, generative hyphae of context 4-10 microns wide, colorless, thin-walled, with clamp connections, occasionally branched, binding hyphae of context with swellings up to 13 microns wide but mostly 4-10 microns wide, with dendritic branching and branches tapering to 1-2 microns wide, colorless, thick-walled, nonseptate, hyphae of trama 2.5-6 microns, similar, less frequently branched, (Gilbertson), spores 5-7 x 1.5-2.5 microns, cylindric to sausage-shaped, smooth, (Phillips)
Spore Deposit:
white (Phillips)

Habitat / Range

annual, on dead hardwood, associated with a white rot, (Gilbertson), on dead hardwood, especially birch, (Phillips), fall, winter, early spring (Buczacki)

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Edibility

no (Phillips)

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

Species References

Gilbertson(1), Phillips(1)*, Lincoff(2)*, Schalkwijk-Barendsen(1)*, Breitenbach(2)*, Buczacki(1)*

References for the fungi

General References