General: Perennial, aquatic herb from strong rhizomes; stems up to 200 cm long, unbranched.
Leaves: Submersed leaves reduced to narrow, firm, dark green cylindrical stalks without blades, growing from the main stem, 10-20 cm long, the stipules 4-9 cm long, fibrous; floating leaves egg-shaped, 3-10 cm long, 2.5-6 cm wide, the larger ones with (18) 20 to 35 veins, leathery, long-stalked, the tips rounded, notched at the bases.
Flowers: Inflorescence spikelike, the spikes with 6 to10 whorls of flowers, the stalks thick.
Fruits: Achenes, broadly egg-shaped, 3.5-5 mm long, 2.5-3.5 mm wide, the beaks cylindrical, the keels obscure, developed in the upper half of achenes.
Notes: Stem anatomical characters Interlacunar bundles present throughout the stem aerenchyma in several circles, subepidermal bundles present, pseudohypodermis 1-cell thick, endodermis of U-cells.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-06-03 5:52:04 AM
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