E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Potentilla hippiana Lehm.
Horse Cinquefoil (Graceful Cinquefoil; woolly cinquefoil)
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Reg Newman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #30050)

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Distribution of Potentilla hippiana
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Potentilla hippiana var. hippiana

Species Information

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Perennial herb from a stout branched stem-base covered with brown remains of old leaf-bases; stems 1 to several, tufted, spreading to erect, 15-50 cm tall, usually branched above, white-woolly and silvery-silky.
Basal leaves stalked, pinnately compound; leaflets 5 to 11, oblong, 2-5 cm long, coarsely sharp-toothed not more than halfway to the midrib, white-woolly or silvery-silky on both surfaces or greenish above; stem leaves alternate, 2 to 5, reduced upwards.
Inflorescence an open, terminal cluster of several to many stalked flowers; corollas yellow, bowl-shaped, the petals 5, egg-shaped, 4-8 mm long, shallowly notched or rounded at the tip; calyces woolly- and coarse-hairy, 5-lobed, the lobes lance-egg-shaped, slightly shorter than the petals, alternating with 5 narrowly lanceolate bractlets about the same length as the calyx-lobes; ovaries superior; stamens usually 20
Achenes, numerous, clustered, lopsided-egg-shaped, 1.5 mm long, smooth.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry open forests, grasslands and sagebrush scrub in the steppe and montane zones; infrequent in BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; E to SK and S to NM and AZ.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Potentilla hippiana

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 465 985 1665
Slope Gradient (%) 0 9 75
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
41 186 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 3 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(8), IDF(95), PP(2), SBS(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References