Perennial herb from a thick, ball-like, mass of roots; parasites on mycorrhizal fungi associated with trees; "stems" simple, erect, glandular-hairy and very sticky, 30-100 cm tall, reddish-brown; persistent after seed dispersal; lacking chlorophyll.
Scale-like, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, thick, crowded and usually overlapping like shingles at the base of the stem.
Inflorescence a many-flowered terminal raceme, usually equal in length to the rest of the stem; flower stalks bent downward, 5-15 mm long, glandular-hairy; corollas urn-shaped, 5-8 mm long, glabrous, pale yellow, the lobes 5, short, curved back; calyces glandular-hairy, about half length of corolla, of 5 free sepals; stamens 10, the anthers awned.
Capsules, nearly globe-shaped, 8-12 mm broad.
Stem and leaves can be considered part of the inflorescence.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|CWH(13), ESSF(3), ICH(8), IDF(20), MS(13), PP(1), SBPS(1), SBS(10)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013