E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Ramaria botrytis (Pers. ex Fr.) Ricken
wine-tipped coral
Gomphaceae

Species account author: Ian Gibson.
Extracted from Matchmaker: Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest.

Introduction to the Macrofungi

© Michael Beug  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #18345)

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Distribution of Ramaria botrytis
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SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Ramaria botrytis var. aurantiiramosa

Species Information

Summary:
stem and lower branches whitish, with stains yellowish to light brown, tips and a short distance down branches reddish to purplish, stem single and massive, branch pattern cauliflower-like (dense terminal branching on a few thick lower branches), stem flesh weakly amyloid, striate spores, and clamp connections; found at least WA, (Marr), New England to North Carolina, west to southern CA and BC, (Lincoff(2)), Europe, North Africa, (Courtecuisse)
Fruiting body:
4-12cm wide, 7-12cm high, (one collection 19cm x 19cm), nearly as broad as tall, single stem, lower branches usually few, upper branch system short, about 1-1.5cm long, and densely clustered on lower branches, but sometimes elongating up to 10cm, branchin
Flesh:
fleshy-fibrous to punky-firm when fresh, (Marr), white (Lincoff(2))
Branch color:
white, with reddish or purplish tips, (Lincoff(2)), tips and a short distance down branches grayish magenta, when young pale red to light lilac, branches much paler; sometimes bruising yellow or tannish, (Scates-Barnhart), lower branches opaque white with
Stem:
2-5cm x 2-3cm, single, cylindric or conic, massive, occasional abortive or primordial branches; opaque white with stains or bruises varying from 'pastel yellow' to 'light brown', (Marr),
Chemical Reactions:
stem flesh weakly amyloid, reaction frequently requiring 30 minutes or more, (Marr), stem flesh negative with ferric sulphate in water (Exeter)
Odor:
faintly sweet (Marr)
Taste:
not distinctive (Marr)
Microscopic:
spores 11-17 x 4-6 microns, average 13.8 x 4.7 microns, subcylindric, mummy-shaped, or occasionally sigmoid, striate ornamentation steeply spiraled to nearly longitudinal, both striae and general wall cyanophilic; basidia mostly 4-spored (occasionally 2-spored), 59-82 x 8-11 microns, clavate, clamped; hyphae with clamp connections, (Marr)
Spore Deposit:
ocher to pale orange (Lincoff(2)), light orange-brown (Miller)

Habitat / Range

terrestrial under conifers, (Marr), on the ground under conifers, especially Picea (spruce) and Abies (fir), August to October, (Lincoff(2))

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Edibility

yes, choice, (Lincoff(2))

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

Species References

Marr(1), Lincoff(2)*, Lincoff(1)*, Exeter(3)*, Miller(14)*, Courtecuisse(1)*, McKnight(1)*, Scates-Barnhart(1), Kornerup(2), Bacon(1)*, AroraPocket*, Buczacki(1)*

References for the fungi

General References