E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus (Hedw.) Warnst.
electrified cat's-tail moss (rough goose neck moss)

Species Account Author: Wilf Schofield
Extracted from Some Common Mosses of British Columbia

Introduction to the Bryophytes of BC

© Celeste Paley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #71458)

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Distribution of Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus
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Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Illustration Source: Some Common Mosses of BC

Species description:
Species name referring to the triangular leaves and the occasional three-rowed arrangement of the uppermost leaves of some stems.
Sporophytes occasional, red-brown when mature in spring.
Commonly called the rough neck moss or shaggy moss because of the untidy leaves at the shoot tips. A whimsical name, electri­fied cat tail moss, has gained some popularity in British Columbia.
Distinguishing characteristics:
The very coarse, pale yellow-green plants with usually untidy divergent leaves of the main stem tip and upper branches, the strongly pleated, somewhat wrinkled leaves and the two strong midribs serve as useful characters. This species is more tolerant of drier climates than the other species of Rhytidiadelphus.
Forming pale yellow-green, loose mats of coarse, interwoven, suberect, branched shoots in which the strongly divergent leaves form bristly, untidy shoot tips.
Similar Species:
Rhytidiopsis robusta is of a similar size but the leaves are wrinkled, lack pleats and show a strong tendency to be falcate-­secund. Plants tend to be golden yellow-green to brownish, rather than pale yellow-green. Antitrichia curtipendula is superficially similar but the leaf shape differs, pleats are lacking and a radiating series of costae is usually apparent (see notes under Antitrichia).

Habitat / Range

Usually in well-drained sites in coniferous forests, on cliff shelves and over boulders and logs; occasionally epiphytic on tree trunks.
World Distribution

Circumpolar in the Northern Hemisphere; in North America across the boreal portion of Canada and Alaska, southward in the east in mountains to the southern Appalachians and Arkansas, in the west to California.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus var. beringianus (Cardot & Thér.) Grout

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References