General: Low to medium shrub, 0.3-1.5 m tall; stems spindly, erect to spreading, usually bristly with numerous soft, straight prickles all about the same size, occasionally unarmed especially on younger stems, which are often stalked-glandular; mature stems greyish-brown.
Leaves: Alternate, deciduous, odd-pinnately compound, the leaf-stalk and axis somewhat stalked-glandular; leaflets 5, 7 or 9, elliptic, 1-4 cm long, double-toothed with gland-tipped teeth, otherwise smooth; stipules glandular and usually blunt-toothed.
Flowers: Inflorescence of usually single, occasionally 2 to 3, stalked flowers at the ends of lateral branchlets, the stalks bristly-glandular; corollas pale pink to rose, bowl- to saucer-shaped, small (2-3.5 cm across), the petals 5, 10-15 mm long; calyces 5-lobed, the lobes 5-12 mm long, egg-shaped to triangular tapering to a tail-like sharp tip, smooth or occasionally glandular on the back, deciduous; ovaries superior but enclosed in the urn-shaped floral tube (hypanthium); stamens numerous.
Fruits: Achenes, few to about 12, smooth except for a few long hairs at the tip, enclosed by the fleshy hypanthium, which ripens into an orange to scarlet, pear-shaped to ellipsoid hip 6-10 mm long, the neck and calyx-lobes deciduous.
1. Stipules deeply fringed or comb-like; inflorescence multiflowered..........R. multiflora
1. Stipules entire to coarsely toothed; inflorescence single to several-flowered.
1a. Prickles strongly curved, stout; calyx-lobes often with conspicuous lateral segments and usually reflexed after flowering.
2. Lower surface of leaflets stalked-glandular..............R. eglanteria
2. Lower surface of leaves not stalked-glandular (sometimes a few glands along leaf axis or midrib of leaflets)..................R. canina
1a. Prickles not or slightly curved, often slender; calyx-lobes usually without lateral segments, usually ascending or erect after flowering.
3. Calyx-lobes deciduous in fruit, 12 mm long or less; petals 15 mm long or less...............R. gymnocarpa
3. Calyx-lobes persistent in fruit, greater than 12 mm long; petals greater than 15 mm long.
4. Stems with well-defined infrastipular prickles (pair of prickles at or just below each node) or nearly unarmed.
5. Calyx-lobes usually glandular-bristly; leaflets finely toothed; plants from west of the Coast-Cascade Mountains............R. pisocarpa
5. Calyx-lobes usually not glandular-bristly; leaflets coarsely toothed.
6. Flowers small and clustered; calyx-lobes mostly 1-2 cm long and 2-3.5 mm wide at base; petals 1.2-2.5 cm long................R. woodsii
6. Flowers large and usually solitary; calyx-lobes mostly 1.5-4 cm long and 3-6 mm wide at base; petals 2.5-4 cm long.....................R. nutkana
4. Stems more or less bristly with slender prickles; infrastipular prickles, if any, like the others.
7. Flowers mostly solitary, usually on lateral branchlets of current season; leaflets usually 5 to 7 (9); petals more than 2 cm long..................R. acicularis
7. Flowers commonly clustered at ends of main shoots of current season as well as on lateral branchlets; leaflets (7) 9-11; petals less than 2.5 cm long..............R. arkansana
Source: Illustrated Flora of British Columbia (Vol. 4). (1999)
Habitat / Range
Dry to moist open forests, forest edges, thickets and clearings in the lowland and montane zones; common in S BC south of about 53oN; S to CA, MT and ID.
A shade-tolerant/intolerant, submontane to subalpine, Western North American deciduous shrub distributed equally in the Pacific and Cordilleran regions. Occurs on very dry to moderately dry, nutrient-medium soils within boreal, temperate, and mesothermal climates; its occurrence decreases with increasing precipitation, latitude, and elevation. Common in open-canopy forests on water-shedding sites; persists on cutover areas. Usually associated with Gaultheria shallon, Kindbergia oregana, and Mahonia nervosa. Characteristic of moisture-deficient sites.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2019. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
21/08/2019 8:08:06 PM
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