E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Rosa eglanteria L.
sweetbrier (sweetbriar rose)
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #9845)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Rosa eglanteria
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Species Information

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Medium to tall shrub, 1 to 3 m tall, usually thicket-forming; stems erect, armed with scattered, flattened, unequal, curved or hooked spines, sometimes also with short straight prickles; mature stems olive-green.
Alternate, deciduous, odd-pinnately compound, the axis fine-prickly and densely glandular; leaflets 5 or 7, broadly elliptic to nearly circular, 1-2.5 cm long, hairy and stalked-glandular beneath, coarsely double-saw-toothed, the teeth gland-tipped; leaves aromatic, especially in warm weather.
Inflorescence of 1 to 3 or more stalked flowers at the end of a lateral branchlet, the stalks glandular-hairy; corollas pink, saucer-shaped, 3-5 cm across, the petals 5, 10-20 mm long; calyces 5-lobed, the lobes 10-20 mm long, stalked-glandular, some of them with narrow, toothed lateral segments, spreading to reflexed after flowering, falling off when the fruit is mature; ovaries superior but enclosed in the urn-shaped floral tube (hypanthium); stamens numerous.
Achenes, enclosed by the fleshy hypanthium, which ripens into a scarlet, globe- to egg-shaped hip 1-1.5 cm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides and waste places in the lowland and steppe zones; infrequent in SW and SC BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Rosa eglanteria

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 732 786 878
Slope Gradient (%) 0 19 55
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
77 76 77
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(2), ICH(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Rosa rubiginosa L.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References