Medium shrub, 0.5-2 m tall; stems erect to ascending, some arching back to the ground and sometimes rooting at the tip, armed with short, stiff, somewhat flattened, recurved or sometimes straight prickles, very glaucous.
Alternate, deciduous, pinnately compound; leaflets 3 (to 5), egg-shaped to broadly lanceolate, 2-8 cm long, double-saw-toothed and sometimes lobed, sharp-pointed at the tip, greenish and smooth above, white-woolly beneath, the veins and leaf-stalks prickly; stipules linear, 5 mm long.
Inflorescence of 2 to 7 stalked flowers in small, open, umbel-like to flat-topped, terminal or sometimes axillary clusters, the stalks woolly and prickly; corollas white, the petals 5, erect, spoon-shaped, 3-5 mm long; calyces woolly and often glandular, 5-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, long-pointy-tipped, bent back, 6-12 mm long; ovaries superior; stamens 70-100.
Drupelets, finely and thinly woolly, in a reddish-purple to black, globe-shaped cluster that falls intact from the dry receptacle (a raspberry), the berries 1-1.2 cm wide.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present from Summer to Fall
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|CDF(6), CWH(175), ESSF(4), ICH(21), IDF(4), MH(1), PP(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013