E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Rubus pedatus Sm.
five-leaved bramble (creeping raspberry; strawberryleaf raspberry)
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Rosemary Taylor  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #43749)

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Distribution of Rubus pedatus
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Species Information

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Perennial herb with slender, long-creeping (to 1 m) stolons or runners, rooting at the nodes and producing short (10 cm or less), erect flowering shoots with 1 to 4 leaves; unarmed, fine-hairy to nearly smooth.
Alternate, deciduous (some persisting through the winter), long-stalked, palmately compound; leaflets usually 5, sometimes 3 with the lateral leaflets divided nearly to the base, egg- to diamond-shaped, 1-3 cm long, irregularly coarse-double-toothed to cleft, smooth except for hairy veins beneath; stipules membranous, egg-shaped.
Inflorescence of single long-stalked flowers on erect leafy shoots, the stalks very slender, 2-8 cm long; corollas white, the petals 5, oblong, 6-10 mm long, spreading or bent back; calyces smooth or sparsely hairy, 5-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, often few-toothed near the tip, 4-11 mm long, bent back; ovaries superior; stamens numerous.
Drupelets, smooth, 1 to 6, more or less coherent in a small red raspberry-like cluster that remains attached to the receptacle, the berries about 1 cm wide.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic open forests, glades and streambanks in the lowland to subalpine zones; common throughout BC, especially south; N to AK, E to AB and S to MT, ID and OR.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Rubus pedatus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 1095 2750
Slope Gradient (%) 0 21 350
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 348 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(2), BAFA(3), BWBS(74), CMA(4), CWH(1649), ESSF(3482), ICH(2034), IDF(30), MH(528), MS(419), SBPS(30), SBS(1529), SWB(35)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-tolerant, montane to subalpine, Asian and Western North American forb distributed equally in the Pacific and Cordilleran regions. Occurs in boreal and cool temperate climates on fresh to very moist, nitrogen-poor soils; its occurrence increases with increasing elevation and precipitation and decreases with increasing latitude. Common in semi-open coniferous forests on water­shedding and water-receiving sites. Typically associated with Blechnum spicant, Clintonia uniflora, Rhododendron albiflorum, Rhytidiopsis robusta, Vaccinium alaskaense, and V. membranaceum. An oxylophytic species characteristic of Mor humus forms.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is montane boreal & cool temperate.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References