E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Rubus nivalis Douglas ex Hook.
snow bramble (snow dewberry; snow raspberry)
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Dave Ingram  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #4445)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Rubus nivalis
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Species Information

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Perennial, with slender trailing stems and erect flowering branches; stems somewhat woody, trailing, stolon-like, to 2 m long, often rooting at the nodes, fine-hairy and armed with short recurved prickles.
Alternate, deciduous, long-stalked, simple (rarely divided into 3 leaflets), the blades egg-heart-shaped, 3-6 cm long, sometimes 3-lobed, double-saw-toothed, green on both surfaces, smooth to sparsely hairy above and below, the leaf-stalks and veins beneath prickly; stipules membranous, narrowly egg-shaped.
Inflorescence of 1 (or 2) long-stalked flowers in leaf axils, the stalks not glandular; corollas pink to purple, the petals 5, lance-elliptic, 6-10 mm long, erect; calyces soft-hairy and sometimes bristly, 5-lobed, the lobes lance-egg-shaped, 6-9 mm long, bent back; ovaries superior; stamens about 15, the filaments slender, not flattened.
Drupelets, minutely hairy, few to several in a red hemispheric cluster like a rudimentary raspberry, the berries about 0.5 cm wide.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist forests and glades in the montane zone; rare in S BC; S to CA and ID.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Rubus nivalis

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 478 802
Slope Gradient (%) 0 19 55
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
135 227 270
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 5 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(6), ICH(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References