E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Rumex crispus L.
curled dock (curly dock)
Polygonaceae (Buckwheat family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Brian Klinkenberg  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #14286)

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Distribution of Rumex crispus
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a stout taproot; stems erect, solitary, unbranched (below the inflorescence), 50-100 cm tall, smooth.
Leaves:
Basal leaves oblong-lanceolate, wedge-shaped to rounded at the base, strongly crisp-margined, the blades 10-30 cm long, the stalks long, pimply and finely hairy; stem leaves alternate, reduced upward, becoming short-stalked.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of numerous flowers in a large, dense, usually greenish, elongate panicle; flower stalks jointed below midlength; outer perianth segments about 1.5 mm long, inner perianth segments mostly 4-6 mm long, each usually with an elliptic-oblong, net-veined, grain-like swelling.
Fruits:
Achenes brown, smooth, shiny, about 2.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic roadsides, ditches and disturbed sites; common in SW BC, frequent elsewhere in S BC south of 55degreeN; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Rumex crispus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 0 876 1925
Slope Gradient (%) 0 8 66
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
80 155 340
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
34
Modal BEC Zone Class
BWBS
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(1), BG(3), BWBS(7), CDF(2), CWH(2), ESSF(4), ICH(2), IDF(3), MS(3), PP(1), SBPS(1), SBS(4), SWB(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References