E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Salix candida Flueggé ex Willd.
sage willow (hoary willow; sageleaf willow; sage-leaf willow)
Salicaceae (Willow family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Vince Poulin  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #25694)

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Distribution of Salix candida
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Species Information

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Dioecious shrubs, 0.3-1 m tall, layering; branches erect, flexible at base; twigs yellow- to grey-brown, densely hairy.
Alternate, simple, strap-shaped to lance-shaped, 4.7-10 cm long, 0.5-2 cm wide, lower surface glaucous, densely woolly, hairs white, upper surface dull or shiny, sparsely hairy or woolly, margins entire to toothed, bases and tips pointed; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules leaflike.
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins in which flowers emerge as leaves emerge, or just before them, the catkins stout, unstalked or on leafy twigs; floral bracts pale or dark, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, hairy; styles 0.3-1.9 mm long.
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.1-1.2 mm long.
This species hybridizes with both S. myrtillifolia and S. petiolaris.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Late Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Spring to Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet floodplains, shores, marl bogs, thickets and meadows in the montane zone; common in S BC in and E of the Coast-Cascade Mountains, infrequent northward, absent in WC BC; N to E AK, S YT and S NT, E to NF and S to NJ, IL, PA, IN, IA, SD, CO, ID and WA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Salix candida

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 7 1032 2119
Slope Gradient (%) 0 1 85
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
90 326 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(1), BWBS(12), ESSF(4), ICH(13), IDF(46), MS(25), SBPS(15), SBS(18), SWB(2)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Salix candida var. denudata Andersson
Salix candida var. tomentosa Andersson
Salix candidula Nieuwl.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References