E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Salix drummondiana Barratt ex Hook.
Drummond's willow
Salicaceae (Willow family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #87498)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Salix drummondiana
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Species Information

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Dioecious shrubs, 1-5 m tall, not colonial; branches erect, brittle at base, strongly glaucous; twigs red- to yellow-brown, smooth to sparsely hairy.
Alternate, simple, strap- to lance-shaped, 4-9 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, lower surface very densely silky or short-woolly-silky, hairs white and rust-coloured, upper surface shiny or dull, silky to nearly smooth, margins entire to toothed, bases and tips pointed; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules leaflike.
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower before leaves emerge, the catkins slender or stout, unstalked; floral bracts dark, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, hairy; styles 0.5-1.5 mm long.
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.3-2 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Early Spring
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Wet to moist thickets, fens, swamps, streambanks, gravelly floodplains, clearings and open forests in the montane and subalpine zones; common throughout BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to S YT and NT, E to SK and S to NM, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Salix drummondiana

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 105 1058 2500
Slope Gradient (%) 0 4 70
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
5 317 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(3), BWBS(15), CMA(4), CWH(1), ESSF(36), ICH(61), IDF(12), IMA(1), MS(27), SBPS(17), SBS(154), SWB(13)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is montane boreal & cool temperate.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Salix bella Piper
Salix covillei Eastw.
Salix drummondiana subsp. subcaerulea (Piper) E. Murr.
Salix drummondiana var. bella (Piper) Ball
Salix drummondiana var. subcaerulea (Piper) Ball
Salix pachnophora Rydb.
Salix subcaerulea Piper
Salix subcoerulea

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References