E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Salix pseudomonticola C.R. Ball
serviceberry willow (false mountain willow)
Salicaceae (Willow family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #17184)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Salix pseudomonticola
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Species Information

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Dioecious shrubs, 1-6 m tall, not colonial; branches erect, flexible at base; twigs yellow-green, smooth or densely hairy.
Alternate, simple, elliptic to broadly egg-shaped, 2.5-10 cm long, 1.2-3.5 cm wide; lower surface glaucous, smooth or becoming so, hairs white, upper surface shiny or dull, smooth or midrib hairy, margins toothed or entire, bases rounded or nearly heart-shaped, tips pointed or subtapered; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules leaflike.
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower before leaves emerge, the catkins stout, unstalked; floral bracts dark, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, smooth; styles 0.5-1.8 mm long.
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.5-3 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist fens, thickets, forest edges and openings and floodplains in the montane to lower subalpine zones; infrequent in BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to AK, S YT and S NT, E to Labr. and S to MN, SD, WY, ID and WA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Salix pseudomonticola

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 80 1077 2140
Slope Gradient (%) 0 3 50
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
5 317 350
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 5 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(4), BWBS(45), CWH(3), ESSF(29), ICH(10), IDF(15), MS(15), SBPS(11), SBS(21), SWB(5)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is montane boreal & cool temperate.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Salix barclayi var. pseudomonticola (Ball) L. Kelso
Salix monticola Bebb

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References