E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Sanguisorba minor Scop.
Salad Burnet (Blue Elderberry; small burnet)
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Rosemary Taylor  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #25581)

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Distribution of Sanguisorba minor
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Sanguisorba minor ssp. muricata

Species Information

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Perennial herb from a rhizome and branched, somewhat woody stem-base; stems erect to ascending, 20-80 cm tall, sometimes branched above, sparsely soft-hairy.
Basal leaves several, 5-20 cm long, pinnately compound, with stipules fused to base of long leaf-stalks and forming membranous margins; leaflets 9 to 17, oval to round-oblong, 0.5-2 cm long, coarsely saw-toothed; stem leaves alternate, few, reduced upward, the upper with free leaflet-like stipules.
Inflorescence a dense, egg- to globe-shaped, long-stalked spike, 7-25 mm long, of several to many small flowers, the lower flowers male, the upper female or bisexual; corollas absent; calyces green, often purple-tinged, 4-lobed, the lobes elliptic, 3-6 mm long; ovaries superior; stamens about 12, the filaments thread-like, long-exserted, drooping.
Achenes, enclosed in the 4-angled, distinctly winged, net-veined and rough-warty hypanthium.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides, grassy meadows and waste places in the lowland and montane zone; infrequent in SW BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Sanguisorba minor

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 20 40
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 0
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
5 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(4)

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References