E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Sanicula arctopoides Hook. & Arn.
snake-root sanicle (bear's-foot sanicle; footsteps of spring)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Val George  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #29448)

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Distribution of Sanicula arctopoides
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a taproot; stems prostrate or ascending, 5-30 cm tall, branching.
Basal leaves rosette forming, somewhat succulent, often yellowish, stem leaves reduced, becoming sessile, irregularly toothed or cleft, the blades 2.5-6 cm long, 2.5-9 cm wide.
Inflorescence of several to many compact headlike umbels; flowers yellow; involucel conspicuous, surpassing the heads, the bractlets entire or trilobed.
Egg-shaped to subglobose, 2-5 mm long, covered with stout, hooked prickles.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic coastal bluffs in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC, known from SE Vancouver Island; S to CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Sanicula howellii (Coult. & Rose) Shan & Constance
Sanicula howellii (J.M. Coult. & Rose) Shan & Constance
Sanicula crassicaulis var. howellii (Coult. & Rose) Mathias

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References