E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Sanicula bipinnatifida Douglas ex Hook.
purple sanicle

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Val George  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #29669)

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Distribution of Sanicula bipinnatifida
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a taproot; stems erect, 10-60 cm tall, branching.
Basal and lower stem leaves pinnately divided, toothed or with a winged and toothed leaf axis, the stalks sharply toothed, the blades 4-13 cm long, 3-12 cm wide.
Inflorescence of several to many compact headlike umbels; flowers purple; involucel inconspicuous, of 6-8 lanceolate bractlets.
Egg-shaped to subglobose, 3-6 mm long, covered with stout, hooked prickles.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry meadows and woodlands in the lowland zone; rare on SE Vancouver Island; S to CA and MX.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Sanicula bipinnatifida

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 20 23 27
Slope Gradient (%) 0 9 18
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
157 157 157
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 2 2
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(2)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool mesothermal.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Sanicula bipinnatifida var. flava Jeps.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References