Perennial herb from a taproot; stems erect, 10-60 cm tall, branching.
Basal and lower stem leaves pinnately divided, toothed or with a winged and toothed leaf axis, the stalks sharply toothed, the blades 4-13 cm long, 3-12 cm wide.
Inflorescence of several to many compact headlike umbels; flowers purple; involucel inconspicuous, of 6-8 lanceolate bractlets.
Egg-shaped to subglobose, 3-6 mm long, covered with stout, hooked prickles.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Sanicula bipinnatifida var. flava Jeps.
In B.C., Sanicula bipinnatifida has an erect form, no involucel, and purple flowers, whereas Sanicula arctopoides is prostrate and has distinct involucels and yellow flowers. S. bipinnatifida has purple flowers and slightly shorter stems than Sanicula crassicaulis, which has yellow flowers and grows over a broader range of habitat than S. bipinnatifida.
Source: British Columbia Conservation Data Centre