E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Sarcocornia pacifica (Standl.) A.J. Scott
American glasswort (perennial saltwort)
Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family)
(Previously in Chenopodiaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Curtis Bjork  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #15946)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Sarcocornia pacifica
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a branching rhizome; matted; stems prostrate, freely branched, up to 1 m long.
Stem leaves reduced to opposite, scalelike, fused bracts; lower scales slightly spreading, obtuse to rounded.
Inflorescence of fleshy spikes, the flowers sunken in depressions of the joints just above the axils and opposite fused bracts, the joints of the spike mostly 0.5-2.5 mm long and about as thick as the spikes; flowers in groups of 3, central flowers in each cluster barely exceeding the lateral ones; spikes 1-4 cm long.
Thin, papery-walled, membranous bladders enclosed by spongy flower scales; seeds 1 per bladder, hairy.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet salt marshes and beaches in the lowland zone; common along the coast in BC; N to SE AK and S to CA and MX, also along the Atlantic and Gulf of MX coasts.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Sarcocornia pacifica

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 68 676
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 3
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
6 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(1), CDF(2), CWH(7)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Salicornia pacifica
Salicornia virginica L.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References