General: Perennial herb from thick stem-bases and dense fibrous roots; flowering stems 1 or more, 15-35 cm tall, branched, soft-hairy below, glandular-hairy above.
Leaves: Basal leaves in a rosette, oblanceolate to wedge-shaped, 2-10 cm long, 5-15 mm wide, 7- to 17-toothed, gradually tapered at base to winged stalks, somewhat fleshy, greyish-hairy, thin-hairy or sparsely fringed; stem leaves lacking.
Flowers: Inflorescence open, diffuse, branched, the bracts leaf-like or greatly reduced and linear, the lower ones often with bulblets; petals white, curved to one side of flower, 4-6 mm long, of 2 types, 3 wider and egg-shaped with bases squared-off to heart-shaped, the other 2 more elliptic-lanceolate to broadly egg-shaped, the bases wedge-shaped; calyces nearly free of ovary, lobed almost to base, the lobes oblong-egg-shaped, 1.5-2.5 mm long, reddish or purplish, sharply bent back; stamens 10.
Fruits: Capsules, 4-6 mm long; seeds brownish, about 0.7 mm long, with several lengthwise rows of pimples.
A shade-intolerant, submontane to alpine, Western North American forb distributed more in the Pacific than the Cordilleran region. Occurs in water-shedding sites within alpine, tundra, boreal, cool temperate, and cool mesothermal climates. Common but scattered in non-forested communities and open-canopy forests. Usually inhabits very shallow soils on rocks subjected to severe desiccation but often affected by temporary surface seepage. Frequently associated with Pleurozium schreberi, Rhacomitrium canescens, and lichens. Characteristic of early-seral communities.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2017. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
19/09/2017 6:18:46 AM
The information contained in the E-Flora atlas pages is derived from expert
sources as cited in each section. This information is scientifically based.
E-Flora also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links. As
always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.
E-Flora BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the