E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Saxifraga hirculus L.
Yellow Marsh Saxifrage
Saxifragaceae (Saxifrage family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Alfred Cook  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #11149)

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Distribution of Saxifraga hirculus
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Saxifraga hirculus ssp. hirculus

Species Information

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Perennial herb from a freely branched stem-base and fibrous roots; flowering stems erect, 5-25 cm tall, brownish- or yellowish-hairy, at least above.
Basal leaves in a rosette, linear-oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, 1-4 cm long, 1-3 mm wide, smooth or nearly so; stem leaves 3 to 7, unstalked, smaller above.
Inflorescence usually of a single, terminal flower, nodding at first; petals bright yellow, 7-15 mm long, 5- to 7-veined; calyx lobes egg-shaped to lanceolate, 3-5 mm long, greenish to reddish, often glandular-hairy, fringed, spreading; stamens 10.
Capsules, 7-12 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet meadows and bogs in the alpine zone; rare in N BC; circumpolar, N to AK, YT and NT, E to N PQ, disjunct in MT, CO and UT; Iceland, N Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Saxifraga hirculus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 1675 1853 1955
Slope Gradient (%) 0 7 15
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
20 347 315
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 4 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(3)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References