E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh
lance-leaved figwort (lanceleaf figwort)
Scrophulariaceae (Butterfly-bush family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Scrophularia lanceolata
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from thickened roots; stems erect, 80-150 cm tall, clustered, 4-angled, minutely glandular-hairy.
Leaves:
Opposite, stalked, the stalks 1-4 cm long, the blades egg-shaped to lance-triangular, 5-15 cm long, coarsely single- to double-sawtoothed.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a long, narrow branched, terminal cluster of stalked flowers, the stalks glandular-hairy, corollas 8-14 mm long, yellowish-green to greenish-brown, urn-shaped, 2-lipped, the upper lip pointing forward, 2-lobed, the lower lip shorter, 3-lobed, the middle lobe pointing down; calyces 3-4 mm long, 5-lobed, the lobes egg-shaped, rounded; fertile stamens 4, sterile stamen 1, attached near the base of the upper lip, yellow-green, fan-shaped, wider than long.
Fruits:
Capsules, pear-shaped, 6-8 mm long; seeds numerous, oblong egg-shaped, angular, ridged.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic roadsides, clearings, thickets and forest edges in the lowland and montane zones; rare on Vancouver Island and in SC BC; E to PQ and NS and S to VT, PA, NC, IN, IO, OK, NM, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Scrophularia leporella Bicknell
Scrophularia occidentalis (Rydb.) Bichn.
Scrophularia pectinata Raf.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References