E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
hedge mustard (hedgemustard)
Brassicaceae (Mustard family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #24934)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Sisymbrium officinale
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Species Information

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General:
Annual herb from a taproot; stems 0.2-1.0 m tall, simple to (more commonly) loosely branched, stiff, usually strongly stiff-hairy with backward-pointing or spreading hairs.
Leaves:
Basal leaves oblanceolate, 4-25 cm long, 1-6 cm wide, pinnately-cut, terminal lobe the largest and more or less egg-shaped and shallowly round-toothed, glabrate to sparsely hairy; stem leaves usually unstalked, much reduced, generally with 4-6 linear to narrowly lanceolate lobes, terminal lobes more deltoid-lanceolate.
Flowers:
Racemes elongate in fruit, as much as 35 cm long; petals pale yellow, 3-4 mm long; sepals 1.5-2.5 mm long, oblong-oblanceolate.
Fruits:
Siliques, erect, 8-15 mm long, 1-1.5 mm wide, linear and awn-like, tightly appressed, beaked, sparsely hairy to glabrous; segments 3-nerved, tardily dehiscent; fruiting stalks erect, 1-3 mm long, stout, enlarged at the tips and about as thick as siliques; beaks 1-2 mm long; seeds about 1.3 mm long, plump, not gelatinous when wet.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry fields and waste places in the lowland zone; frequent in SW BC, infrequent in SC BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Sisymbrium officinale

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 615 615 615
Slope Gradient (%) 5 5 5
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
295 294 295
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
5 5 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
2
Modal BEC Zone Class
BG
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Erysimum officinale L.
Sisymbrium officinale var. leiocarpum DC.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References