E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Sisyrinchium californicum (Ker Gawl.) Aiton
golden-eyed-grass (golden blue-eyed grass)
Iridaceae (Iris family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Eva Ullstrom  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #84206)

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Distribution of Sisyrinchium californicum
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Species Information

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Perennial tufted herb from a fibrous root; stems simple, flat, winged, 5-60 cm tall.
All basal, the blades 2 to 4, linear, on the lower 1/2 of stem, 10-30 cm long, 1.5-3 mm wide, sheathing, the tips long-pointed.
Inflorescence of (1) 2 or 3 showy, nodding flowers on slender, flexuous, 3- to 4-cm long stalks; flowers yellow, of 6 distinct oblanceolate to egg-shaped segments, these similar, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 5-nerved, abruptly pointed, the tubes slightly inflated below, 1-2 mm long; bracts 2, unequal, the upper one usually exceeding the flowers; filaments fused about 1/3 to 1/2 their length; anthers 3-7 mm long, yellow.
Capsules, oblong, 5-9 mm long; seeds numerous, egg-shaped, brown, 1.5-2.5 mm wide.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist pond margins, seepage slopes and bogs in the lowland zone; infrequent on S and W Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands; S to S CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Sisyrinchium californicum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 8 189 370
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 1
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
6 6 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(1), CWH(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Hydastylus borealis Bickn.
Hydastylus brachypus Bickn.
Hydastylus californicus (Ker Gawl.) Salisb.
Sisyrinchium boreale (Bickn.) Henry

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References