E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Solanum dulcamara L.
European bittersweet
Solanaceae (Potato family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Gordon Neish  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #18198)

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Distribution of Solanum dulcamara
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SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Solanum dulcamara var. dulcamara

Species Information

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General:
Perennial vine from a rhizome; stems shrubby below, 0.1-3 m long.
Leaves:
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves widely egg-shaped, sometimes with basal lobes, heart-shaped at the base, 2.5-8 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of terminal, umbrella-shaped clusters of flowers on stalks 1.5-4 cm long; corollas blue or violet, lobed, the lobes 5-9 mm long but soon bent back; calyces 3-4 mm long; anthers yellow.
Fruits:
Berries, globe- to egg-shaped, bright red, 8-11 mm wide; seeds 2-3 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic waste places in the lowland and steppe zones; common in SW BC (lower Fraser Valley) infrequent in SC and SE BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Solanum dulcamara

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 35 385 650
Slope Gradient (%) 0 1 10
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
100 97 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
5 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
24
Modal BEC Zone Class
PP
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(4), CDF(1), CWH(4), ICH(1), IDF(4), PP(10)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

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General References